Year 4: Multiplication and division

Pupils should continue to practise recalling and using multiplication tables and related division facts to aid fluency.

Pupils should practise mental methods and extend this to three-digit numbers to derive facts, for example 200 × 3 = 600 into 600 ÷ 3 = 200, to become fluent.

Pupils should practise to become fluent in the efficient written method of short multiplication for multiplying using multi-digit numbers, and short division with exact answers when dividing by a one-digit number.

Pupils should write statements about the equality of expressions(e.g. use the distributive law 39 × 7 = 30 × 7 + 9 × 7 and associative law (2 × 3) × 4 = 2 × (3 × 4)).

Pupils should solve two-step problems in contexts, choosing the appropriate operation, working with increasingly harder numbers. This should include correspondence questions such as three cakes shared equally between 10 children.

New Maths Curriculum (2014): Year 4 objectives.

Recall multiplication and division facts for multiplication tables up to 12 × 12
Multiply two-digit and three-digit numbers by a one-digit number using formal written layout
Solve problems involving multiplying and adding, including using the distributive law and harder multiplication problems such as which n objects are connected to m objects.