Addition and Subtraction

Interactive maths games and worksheets to support the teaching of addition and subtraction.

 
Maths Raiders Maths Raiders

Destroy the incoming spaceships and dodge the asteroids. A fun game to practise lots of mathematical skills. Carefully differentiated to support the new maths curriculum. Levels involve: Multiplication, Addition, Roman Numerals, Reading Numbers in Words, Fractions of Numbers, Simplifying Fractions, Multiplying Fractions, Convert Improper Fractions to Mixed Numbers, Converting Fractions to Decimals, Converting Fractions to Percentages, Rounding Numbers, Division and Percentages of Numbers.

This game is also available as an iPad or Android app.

Monty's Maths Wall Monty's Maths Wall

Use the arrow keys to guide your bricks and destroy the wall.

A great game for practising a wide range of mathematical skills. Levels are based on objectives from the new maths curriculum from Year 1 to Year 6. Topics include: multiplication, addition, reading numbers, subtraction, fractions of numbers, Roman numerals, division, converting fractions to decimals and percentages and simplifying fractions. 

You can choose to play a single level, a selection of levels, or choose all the objectives from a year group (within the same topic). There is a full list of levels below.

This game is available on both Google Play and the App Store. A free version of the app is available with just the multiplication levels.

 

Snake - KS2 Maths Game Snake - KS2 Maths Game

Use the arrow keys to avoid the hazards and direct your snake to the correct answer. There are more than 100 different levels to play. See below for a full list of levels.

This game is available as an iOS and Android app.

KS2 Maths Invaders KS2 Maths Invaders

Shoot the spaceship with the correct answer and dodge the incoming fire. A fun game to practise a wide range of key mathematical skills.  

There are over a hundred carefully differentiated levels linked to objectives from the new maths curriculum. The game can be used to teach: Multiplication, Addition, Reading Numbers, Subtraction, Fractions of Numbers, Roman Numerals, Rounding Numbers, Division, Converting Fractions to Decimals, Converting Fractions to Percentages, Telling the Time in Words, Recognising Multiples, Factors, Prime, Square and Cube Numbers, and Simplifying Fractions. A full list of levels is below. This game is also available as an iOS and Android app.

Number Bonds - Mine Mayhem Number Bonds - Mine Mayhem

This game, together with all the other Mine Mayhem games,  is available as a single iOS or Android app.

Levels include finding number bonds to 10, 20, 50 or 100, or finding decimal number bonds to 1 with 1 or 2 decimal places.

Addition - Crystal Crash Addition - Crystal Crash

A fun game to practise mental addition skills. The game was designed to cover all the mental addition objectives in the new math curriculum. You can choose one objective, or choose all the objectives for a year group. 

This game, together with all the other crystal crash games, is available as a single iPad or Android app.

1) Add numbers up to 10 (Y1)

6) Add three one-digit numbers (Y2)

11) Add a three-digit number and ones (Y3)

16) Add combinations of two and three digit numbers (y4)

2) Add numbers up to 20 (Y1)

7) Addition pairs that make 100 (multiples of 10) (Y3)

12) Add a three-digit number and tens (Y3)

17) Add combinations of decimals (1dp) (Y4)

3) Add a two-digit number and ones (Y2)

8) Addition pairs that make 100 (multiples of 5) (Y3)

13) Add a three-digit number and hundreds (Y3)

18) Add pairs of decimals (2dp) that make 1 (Y5 & Y6)

4) Add a two-digit number and tens (Y2)

9) Addition pairs that make 100 (Y3 & Y4)

14) Add pairs of decimals (1dp) that make 1 (Y4 & Y5)

19) Add combinations of three-digit numbers (Y5 & Y6)

5) Add two two-digit numbers (Y2)

10) Add pairs that make 1000 (multiples of 100) (Y3 & Y4)

15) Add pairs of decimals (1dp) that make 10 (Y4 & Y5)

20) Add combinations of decimals (2dp) (Y5 & Y6)

Subtraction - Crystal Crash Subtraction - Crystal Crash

The game was designed to cover all the mental subtraction objectives in the new math curriculum. You can choose one objective, or choose all the objectives for a year group. 

This game, together with all the other crystal crash games, is available as a single iPad or Android app.

1) Subtract numbers from up to 10 (Y1)

6) Subtract from 100 (multiples of 10) (Y3)

11) Subtract tens from a three-digit number (Y3)

16) Subtract combinations of decimals (1dp) (Y4)

2) Subtract numbers from up to 20 (Y1)

7)Subtract from 100 (multiples of 5) (Y3)

12) Subtract hundreds from a three-digit number (Y3)

17) Subtract a decimal (2dp) from 1  (Y5 & Y6)

3) Subtract ones from a two-digit number (Y2)

8) Subtract from 100 (Y3 & Y4)

13) Subtract a decimal (1dp) from 1 (Y4 & Y5)

18) Subtract combinations of three-digit numbers (Y5 & Y6)

4) Subtract tens from a two-digit number (Y2)

9) Subtract from 1000 (multiples of 100) (Y3 & Y4)

14) Subtract a decimal (1dp) from 10 (Y4 & Y5)

19) Subtract combinations of decimals (2dp) (Y5 & Y6)

5) Subtract a two-digit number from a two-digit number (Y2)

10) Subtract ones from a three-digit number(Y3)

15) Subtract two-digit numbers from three-digit numbers (y4)

 
Bubble Pop - Number Bonds Bubble Pop - Number Bonds

A great way to practise number bonds and mental addition. Levels include: number bonds to 10, 20, 50 and 100 as well as addition pairs with a total of up to 20, 50 or 100. Look at the target at the top of the screen and then aim your bubble to make that target.

As a teacher I know how important it is that children know their number bonds (pairs of numbers that add up to 10, 20, 50 or 100), and can add quickly mentally. Repetition is essential in learning number bonds. This game is designed to make the process fun.

Children have to aim their bubble to make a given sum. As they progress the levels get harder; they have less time, or less bubbles to shoot. Each correct answer is accompanied by an image to reinforce the number bond they have found.

This game is available on iPad, iPod and iPhone, as well as on android phones and tablets.

Monty's Maths Memory Monty's Maths Memory

Help Monty remember where to find the card with the correct answer. Levels involve: Multiplication, Addition, Reading Numbers, Subtraction, Fractions of Numbers, Roman Numerals, Division, Converting Fractions to Decimals or Percentages and Simplifying Fractions.

Addition and Subtraction Dominoes Addition and Subtraction Dominoes

Answer addition and subtraction questions to arrange the dominoes in the correct order as quickly as possible. Lots of choice over level including; add and/or subtract within 20, 50, 100, using decimals or with negative numbers.

 

Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters

A good starting place for teaching column subtraction. Helps children to visualise the processes involved. Choose either expanded subtraction or column subtraction, with or without the need for borrowing.

This game is now part of the 'Calculations' collection, which includes the following 17 games and resources: Column Addition, Expanded Addition, Expanded Addition - Place Value Counters, Number Bonds(2), Addition - Digit Drag, Missing Symbols, Column Subtraction, Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters, Counting on to find difference on a beadstring, Multiplication Grid Method, Multiplication Written Method, Ratio and Scaling Numbers, Representing Multiplication, Division by Chunking Up, Division by Chunking Down, Formal Written Division - Round Up or Down?, Short Division Writen Formal Method.

The Calculations app is available on Google Play and the App Store.

Expanded Addition using Place Value Counters Expanded Addition using Place Value Counters

A step towards a more formal written method of columnar addition. 

This game is now part of the 'Calculations' collection, which includes the following 17 games and resources: Column Addition, Expanded Addition, Expanded Addition - Place Value Counters, Number Bonds(2), Addition - Digit Drag, Missing Symbols, Column Subtraction, Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters, Counting on to find difference on a beadstring, Multiplication Grid Method, Multiplication Written Method, Ratio and Scaling Numbers, Representing Multiplication, Division by Chunking Up, Division by Chunking Down, Formal Written Division - Round Up or Down?, Short Division Writen Formal Method.

The Calculations app is available on Google Play and the App Store.

Number Facts Beat The Clock Number Facts Beat The Clock

Score as many points as you can before the time runs out. A number of levels including addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and matching fractions and decimals.

*Updated 30th May 2013 - choose multiple objectives, or objectives grouped by national curriculum level. The game also now includes a scoreboard. An iPad version is also available.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

For more multiplication and division resources click here.

Column Addition Column Addition

The next step towards an efficient formal method of column addition. Add the numbers starting with the least significant, then combine the partitioned result. Choice of 2-digit, 3-digit or 4-digit.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

This game is now part of the 'Calculations' collection, which includes the following 17 games and resources: Column Addition, Expanded Addition, Expanded Addition - Place Value Counters, Number Bonds(2), Addition - Digit Drag, Missing Symbols, Column Subtraction, Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters, Counting on to find difference on a beadstring, Multiplication Grid Method, Multiplication Written Method, Ratio and Scaling Numbers, Representing Multiplication, Division by Chunking Up, Division by Chunking Down, Formal Written Division - Round Up or Down?, Short Division Writen Formal Method.

The Calculations app is available on Google Play (£1.25) and will be available in the App Store in July.

Expanded Addition Expanded Addition

Add the partitioned numbers beginning with the largest. Choice of 2-digit, 3-digit or 4-digit numbers. An important conceptual step before a more formal method of column addition.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

This game is now part of the 'Calculations' collection, which includes the following 17 games and resources: Column Addition, Expanded Addition, Expanded Addition - Place Value Counters, Number Bonds(2), Addition - Digit Drag, Missing Symbols, Column Subtraction, Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters, Counting on to find difference on a beadstring, Multiplication Grid Method, Multiplication Written Method, Ratio and Scaling Numbers, Representing Multiplication, Division by Chunking Up, Division by Chunking Down, Formal Written Division - Round Up or Down?, Short Division Writen Formal Method.

The Calculations app is available on Google Play and the App Store.

Inverse Operations - Addition and Subtraction Inverse Operations - Addition and Subtraction

I designed this resource to help children to visualise the relationship between addition and subtraction. They can then use this relationship to solve missing number problems. There are a wide range of levels, from adding within 20 to using a calculator to add and subtract 5 digit numbers and decimals.

Column Subtraction Column Subtraction

Working towards an efficent method of column subtraction. Can be used to demonstate expanded subtraction (in which the numbers are partitioned) with or without the need for  borrowing.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

This game is now part of the 'Calculations' collection, which includes the following 17 games and resources: Column Addition, Expanded Addition, Expanded Addition - Place Value Counters, Number Bonds(2), Addition - Digit Drag, Missing Symbols, Column Subtraction, Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters, Counting on to find difference on a beadstring, Multiplication Grid Method, Multiplication Written Method, Ratio and Scaling Numbers, Representing Multiplication, Division by Chunking Up, Division by Chunking Down, Formal Written Division - Round Up or Down?, Short Division Writen Formal Method.

The Calculations app is available on Google Play and the App Store.

Missing Symbols Missing Symbols

Drag the symbols to the correct position to make the number sentence correct. Lots of levels to play. See if you can improve your score over time.

For more multiplication and division resources click here.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

This game is now part of the 'Calculations' collection, which includes the following 17 games and resources: Column Addition, Expanded Addition, Expanded Addition - Place Value Counters, Number Bonds(2), Addition - Digit Drag, Missing Symbols, Column Subtraction, Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters, Counting on to find difference on a beadstring, Multiplication Grid Method, Multiplication Written Method, Ratio and Scaling Numbers, Representing Multiplication, Division by Chunking Up, Division by Chunking Down, Formal Written Division - Round Up or Down?, Short Division Writen Formal Method.

The Calculations app is available on Google Play and the App Store.

Counting on to find a difference - beadstrings Counting on to find a difference - beadstrings

I designed this activity to help children to visualise small differences between 2-digit numbers by bridging through multiples of 10. It can also be used to explore links between addition and subtraction and to begin to find differences using a number line.

This game is now part of the 'Calculations' collection, which includes the following 17 games and resources: Column Addition, Expanded Addition, Expanded Addition - Place Value Counters, Number Bonds(2), Addition - Digit Drag, Missing Symbols, Column Subtraction, Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters, Counting on to find difference on a beadstring, Multiplication Grid Method, Multiplication Written Method, Ratio and Scaling Numbers, Representing Multiplication, Division by Chunking Up, Division by Chunking Down, Formal Written Division - Round Up or Down?, Short Division Writen Formal Method.

 

The Calculations app is available on Google Play (£1.25) and will be available in the App Store in July.

Using a Calculator - Finding Change Using a Calculator - Finding Change

Answer a variety of 2 step word problems using a calculator. Whatever is input into the calculator is then recorded and displayed, so children can see all the steps that have been taken. This makes it a great tool for demonstrating calculator skills on a whiteboard. It can also be really useful for children to practice independently, as they can trace and correct any mistakes they make.

For more calculator resources click here.

Reading Scales - Capacity Word Problems Reading Scales - Capacity Word Problems

Read the scales on the measuring cylinder and answer word problems involving addition and subtraction. Play against the clock for points.

For more measuring resources click here.

For more resources involving word problems click here.

Shape Sequences Shape Sequences

Identify and continue sequences involving shape, colour and numbers.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Balancing Sums Balancing Sums

An excellent tool for reinforcing an understanding of the role of the equals sign. Choose one objective, or many. You can choose all the objectives for a single year group (or multiple year groups). You can also choose to balance between different types of calculations (eg addition and multiplication). 

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Number Bonds (2) Number Bonds (2)

Designed to help children to visualise and understand number bonds to 20, 50 and 100. Numbers are represented on a number line and using base-ten blocks.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

This game is now part of the 'Calculations' collection, which includes the following 17 games and resources: Column Addition, Expanded Addition, Expanded Addition - Place Value Counters, Number Bonds(2), Addition - Digit Drag, Missing Symbols, Column Subtraction, Column Subtraction using Place Value Counters, Counting on to find difference on a beadstring, Multiplication Grid Method, Multiplication Written Method, Ratio and Scaling Numbers, Representing Multiplication, Division by Chunking Up, Division by Chunking Down, Formal Written Division - Round Up or Down?, Short Division Writen Formal Method.

The Calculations app is available on Google Play and the App Store.

Difference using an unmarked number line Difference using an unmarked number line

Find the difference between two numbers by counting on from the smaller number to the larger number. Children must add the fewest numbers possible, so are encouraged to develop more efficient mental methods. The addition is also shown as jumps on a number line.

Levels include counting up to 10, 20, 50 or 100, finding the difference between 2-digit numbers, 3-digit numbers and decimals.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Order of Operations Order of Operations

Use knowledge of the order of operations to carry out calculations involving the four operations and explore the order of operations using brackets. For each question you must drag the symbols <, >, or = to compare the two calculations. 

Add and Subtract on a Number Line Add and Subtract on a Number Line

Add and subtract near multiples on a number line. Develop mental methods of addition and subtraction by adding and subtracting a multiple of 10 or 100, and then adjusting. For example add 29 by adding 30 and then subtracting 1.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

How much more money? How much more money?

Find the total of a set of coins and then work out how much more is needed to make a given amount. A number line is then shown to help support calculation strategies.

Includes the option of a range of international coins.

For more money resources click here.

Difference using a marked number line Difference using a marked number line

Count on from the smaller number to the larger. As numbers are added to the balance scale they are also shown on the number line. Children should be encouraged to use their knowledge of number bonds to develop efficient mental methods.

Levels include counting up to 10, 20, 50 or 100, finding the difference between 2-digit numbers and decimals.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Adding Several Numbers Adding Several Numbers

Add several numbers to make a target number. Lots of choice of levels including whole numbers and decimals.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Number Bonds Number Bonds

October 2012: New game added in which number bonds are represented visually using base-ten blocks and a number line.

Find pairs of numbers with a given total. Play against the clock. 

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Different ways to pay Different ways to pay

Find different ways to make the same amount of money. Drag the coins into the till to make a given amount. Includes a choice of international currencies.

For more money resources click here.

Balancing Scales g and kg Balancing Scales g and kg

Add weights to either pan until they are balanced. Can be used to teach addition, subtraction, partitioning, and mass, as well as developing an understanding of the equals sign.


Choose from grams, whole kilograms or kilograms with either 1 or 2 decimal places.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

For more partitioning resources click here.

Addition - Digit Drag Addition - Digit Drag

Drag the digits to make a given sum. Lots of choice over level. A great starter activity for discussions on place value, mental methods of calculations and problem solving.

Sequences Sequences

Find the correct number in a sequence. Lots of choice over level, count forwards or back, count in whole numbers, multiples of 10, multiples of 100, decimals and fractions. 

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

For more resources involving fractions and decimals click here.

Placing Calculations on a Number Line Placing Calculations on a Number Line

Place the answer to calculations on a number line. An enormous array of choice. Addition, subtraction, multiplication and division. Ranging from adding numbers to 10 to multiplying 4 digit numbers. Great for combining teaching calculations and approximations with developing an understanding of place value.

For more resources involving partitioning and place value click here.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

For more multiplication and division resources click here.

Subtraction Using a Number Line Subtraction Using a Number Line

Practice jumping from the smaller number to the larger number on a number line. Lots of choice of level, including; jumping from a 2-digit number to 100, from a 2-digit number to a 3-digit number and between 3-digit numbers. Great for developing mental methods of calculation.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Balance scales -  add, move or remove a weight Balance scales - add, move or remove a weight

Balance the scales by adding, moving or removing a weight. A great mental starter to develop addition and subtraction skills.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Solve 2 Step Money Problems Solve 2 Step Money Problems

Read and interpret a word problem. Calulate the cost of 2 items and then find change from a given amount.

** February 2013 - I have added a new game in which you solve 2 step money problems using a calculator **

For more money resources click here.

For more resources involving word problems click here.

100 Square 100 Square

An incredibly versatile teaching tool. You can change the start number and change the step size, then try and find the hidden number. Choose from several difficulty levels. Ask the children to discuss  the different methods they could use to find the missing number.

Can be used to explore sequences (including negative numbers and decimals),  multiplication tables, as well as reasoning about numbers.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Missing Digits Missing Digits

Find the missing digit in a calculation. Choose addition, subtraction, multiplication or division. Lots of control over level inculding decimals.

For more multiplication and division resources click here.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Ordering Calculations Ordering Calculations

Order the calulations from those with the least value to the greatest. Lots of levels, including; addition pairs to 20, addition pairs to 100, addition and subtraction of multiples of 10, and multiplication of numbers up to 10.

For more comparing and ordering resources click here.

Addition Pairs - Rapid Recall Addition Pairs - Rapid Recall

A great way to practice number bonds / complementary numbers. Play against the clock and see who can complete the sums quickest. Choose number pairs that equal 10, 20, 50 or 100, or decimals pairs that equal 1.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

Finding differences between times Finding differences between times

Find how long a journey took by jumping on a timeline.

For more measuring and time resources click here.

Card Game - Matching Pairs Card Game - Matching Pairs

Match the pairs of cards with the same value. A great game to play as a mental starter. Over 50 levels to play including; addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, matching fractions and decimals and converting between measurements.

Solve 1 Step Money Problems Solve 1 Step Money Problems

Read and interpret a word problem involving addition or subtraction and then solve.

For more money resources click here.

For more resources involving word problems click here.

Recombining Numbers Recombining Numbers

Recombine numbers which have been partitioned. Choice of whole numbers and decimals. 

For more resources involving partitioning and place value click here.

Temperature - Word Problems Temperature - Word Problems

Answer questions about the temperature around the world. Includes levels involving comparing temperatures, and comparing poistive and negative temperatures.

For more resources involving word problems click here.

For more measuring and time resources click here.

ITP Number Facts ITP Number Facts

View full screen in your browser.  This ITP displays up to 20 coloured counters and the corresponding addition sentence. The number of counters you select, appear on the screen in purple. Click on any counter to change its colour, the number sentence also changes. To hide and reveal the number sentence, click on the box with the question marks. You can replace a number in the number sentence with a question mark by clicking on the number, and drag counters around the screen to form groups. Addition can be changed to subtraction by clicking on the addition sign in the box. Counters can be dragged into the displayed box, which you can make opaque to hide the counters.
The ITP can be used to model addition by combining and counting, and subtraction by partitioning and taking away. The hide and reveal options allow you to pose questions with unknown numbers in different positions in the number sentence. Partitioning counters in different ways helps children to identify all sums and differences of numbers to 20.

This resource is freely available to download from the archived Primary Framework site.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

ITP Difference ITP Difference

I have created my own version of this ITP which allows you to find the difference between two 2-digit numbers and shows this on a number line.

View full screen in your browser.  This ITP allows you to compare two rows of beads and to analyse the calculations they can represent. It can be used to promote the language of addition and subtraction, particularly the interpretation of difference. The ITP operates as a series of animations which show how the rows of beads can be represented by two number lines and then as a single number line with the difference indicated by a ‘jump’.

This resource is freely available to download from the archived Primary Framework site.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

ITP Beadstring ITP Beadstring

I have created my own version of this ITP which allows you to find the difference between two numbers and shows this on a number line.

View full screen in your browser.  This ITP simulates a 100-bead string. You can move all the beads to the right of the string and move individual or groups of beads to the left side of the string by clicking on selected beads.
The controls also allow you to move 1 or 10 beads to the left or right of the string to show addition and subtraction. This ITP can be used to model different counting and calculation strategies.

This resource is freely available to download from the archived Primary Framework site.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

ITP Number Grid ITP Number Grid

View full screen in your browser.  This ITP generates a 100 square. Choose a colour or the grey mask. You can then click on individual cells to hide or highlight them in different colours, and by clicking on the box at the left-hand foot of the grid and using the pointers you can hide or highlight rows and columns. The prime numbers and multiples can also be highlighted.
You can change the number of columns from 3 up to 13, the starting number, and its position – either top left corner or bottom left corner of the grid. Choose the mask option to create a temple that can be moved around the grid to hide or highlight particular groups of cells. The template can be rotated using the single arrow button.
The ITP can be used to explore different multiples, number sequences and patterns on grids of different sizes. The superimposed masked template can provide practice at adding groups of numbers and enable children to hypotheses about the sums and difference of the numbers.
The ITP can develop children’s ability to predict and generalise. Changing the number of columns provides a new grid to test general statements about the relationships between numbers and to look for counter examples.

This resource is freely available to download from the archived Primary Framework site.

For more addition and subtraction resources click here.

ITP Function Machine ITP Function Machine

View full screen in your browser.  One or two-step function machine. Choose an input and explore how it is transformed by one or two number functions.

This resource is freely available to download from the archived Primary Framework site.