Pupils should continue to practise recalling and using multiplication tables and related division facts to aid fluency.

Pupils should practise mental methods and extend this to three-digit numbers to derive facts, for example 200 × 3 = 600 into 600 ÷ 3 = 200, to become fluent.

Pupils should practise to become fluent in the efficient written method of short multiplication for multiplying using multi-digit numbers, and short division with exact answers when dividing by a one-digit number.

Pupils should write statements about the equality of expressions(e.g. use the distributive law 39 × 7 = 30 × 7 + 9 × 7 and associative law (2 × 3) × 4 = 2 × (3 × 4)).

Pupils should solve two-step problems in contexts, choosing the appropriate operation, working with increasingly harder numbers. This should include correspondence questions such as three cakes shared equally between 10 children.